September 15, 2009

9 Al Umma prisoners released in Coimbatore


He was a teenage ‘human bomb’ that failed to explode during the serial blasts that shattered the industrial hub of Coimbatore in February 1998. On Tuesday, a smiling Fakrudeen Ali Ahmed and eight other Al Umma men, convicted for harbouring, planting and distributing explosives, walked free from Coimbatore Central Prison after the DMK government remitted their 13-year sentences to mark the birth centenary of party founder CN Annadurai.
All nine prisoners were released from jail in the early hours of Tuesday. Another convict, Yousuf Abdul Wahab, who was also granted a pardon, was not freed because he faces two more criminal cases for harbouring explosives and for intimidating jail staff.
The nine who walked free are aged between 27 and 45, and were due for release in 2011. Taking into consideration provisions for “good conduct in jail”, they could have been let off either in December 2009 or sometime next year, prison officials said.
The decision to release them as a humanitarian gesture has raised legal questions because last year the state government had said that it would not commute the sentences of prisoners convicted for serious crimes involving explosives, arms, drugs and violence against women. The DMK government released more than 1,400 prisoners to mark the commencement of Anna’s birth centenary celebrations in September 2008, including some serving life sentences. A petition challenging the release is pending in the Supreme Court.
TN GOVT SETS JAILBIRDS FREE
Nine prisoners were serving 13-year jail terms for 1998 Coimbatore blasts All of them were found guilty of conspiracy, murder and use of explosives
The nine escaped life sentences because the bombs they planted did not go off

source
our state is becoming terror friendly state

July 22, 2009

Is pakistan own story??-Proof of RAW involvement in terror in Pak: Report

Pakistan says it has handed over to India evidence of the involvement of its external spy agency Research and Analysis Wing (RAW) in terrorist activities in its country, including the attack on the Sri Lankan cricket team in Lahore and on a police academy on the outskirts of the city earlier this year.

Quoting sources, Dawn said on Wednesday a dossier containing proof of India's involvement in "subversive activities" in Pakistan was handed over by Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani to his Indian counterpart Manmohan Singh during their meeting at Sharm el-Sheikh last week.

The evidence has also been shared with the US and Afghanistan, with Kabul being asked to prevent the use of its territory for disruptive activities against Pakistan.

"Although the information given to India is being kept highly secret, broad outlines of the dossier available with Dawn reveal details of Indian contacts with those involved in attacks on the Sri Lankan cricket team and the Manawan police station," the newspaper said.

"Operatives of RAW who remained in touch with the perpetrators of the attacks have been identified and proof of their interaction have been attached," it added.

A description of Indian arms and explosives used in the attack on the Sri Lankan team has been made part of the dossier, besides which the names and particulars of the perpetrators, who illegally entered Pakistan from India and joined their accomplices who had reached Lahore from Waziristan, have been mentioned, the report said.

The dossier is also said to list the safe houses being run by RAW in Afghanistan where terrorists are trained and launched for missions in Pakistan.

"The dossier also broadly covers the Indian connection in terror financing in Pakistan.

A substantial part of the shared material deals with the Balochistan insurgency and Indian linkages with the insurgents, particularly Bramdagh Bugti, Burhan and Sher Khan," Dawn said.

Photographs of their meetings with Indian operatives are part of the evidence, which also describes Bugti's visit to India and the meetings he had with Indian secret service personnel, it added.

The dossier also mentions an India-funded training camp in Kandahar where Baloch insurgents, particularly those from Bugti clan, were being trained and provided arms and ammunition for sabotage activities in the Pakistani province.

Dawn quoted its sources as saying that Manmohan Singh had agreed to "look into Pakistani claims" and to take "corrective action" if proven. He is said to have assured Gilani that India is against interference in other countries and Pakistan's stability was important for them.

"Yes, these issues were discussed," Foreign Office spokesperson Abdul Basit said when asked about the meeting.

source

June 27, 2009

India vs West Indies ODI Series 2009 Schedule




odi schedule
1-june 26,2009
2-june 28,2009
3-july 03,2009
4-july 05,2009
Time:14:30 and last two 13:30
Tv:ten sports

Different kinds of helicopters





June 26, 2009

kolkatta with most congested tracks

This is 200th post- a milestone

This blog was opened in 2007 and has reached 200 posts.It has over 7000 visitors from 79 countries

June 25, 2009

King of Pop Michael Jackson is dead - official





Michael Jackson, the child star turned King of Pop who set the world dancing but whose musical genius was overshadowed by a bizarre lifestyle and sex scandals, died on Thursday. He was 50.

Jackson was pronounced dead at about 2:26 p.m. PDT (2126 GMT) after arriving at a Los Angeles hospital in full cardiac arrest, said Fred Corral of the Los Angeles County Coroner's office. The cause of death was not known and an autopsy would likely take place on Friday, he said.

Jackson's sudden death had been reported earlier by U.S. media, which said he was taken ill at his home and rushed to the hospital by paramedics who found him not breathing when they arrived.

Known as the "King of Pop," for hits that included "Thriller" and "Billie Jean," Jackson's dramatic, one-gloved stage presence and innovative dance moves were imitated by legions of fans around the world.

He transformed music videos and his lifetime record sales tally is believed to be around 750 million, which, added to the 13 Grammy Awards he received, made him one of the most successful entertainers of all time.

But Jackson's belief that "I am Peter Pan in my heart", his preference for the company of children, his friendship with a chimp, his high-pitched voice and numerous plastic surgeries also earned him critics and the nickname "Wacko Jacko."

Jackson, who had lived as a virtual recluse since his acquittal in 2005 on charges of child molestation, had been scheduled to launch a comeback tour from London next month.

Quincy Jones, who helped arrange the music on the album "Thriller" and produced the "Off the Wall" album, told MSNBC: "I am absolutely devastated at this tragic and unexpected news."

"For Michael to be taken away from us so suddenly at such a young age, I just don't have the words. I've lost my little brother today, and part of my soul has gone with him."

SOLD-OUT SHOWS

Jackson had been due to start a series of concerts in London on July 13 running until March 2010. The singer had been rehearsing in the Los Angeles area for the past two months. The shows for the 50 London concerts sold out within minutes of going on sale in March.

"Rarely has the world received a gift with the magnitude of artistry, talent, and vision as Michael Jackson," said Neil Portnow, president and CEO of The Recording Academy in a statement.

"He was a true musical icon whose identifiable voice, innovative dance moves, stunning musical versatility, and sheer star power carried him from childhood to worldwide acclaim."

There were concerns about Jackson's health in recent years but the promoters of the London shows, AEG Live, said in March that Jackson had passed a 4-1/2 hour physical examination with independent doctors.

Outside the hospital in Los Angeles about 200 fans and reporters gathered on Thursday, waiting for confirmation of Jackson's death or condition.

Some fans were crying and hugging each other, and others were climbing atop fences to get a better look at a microphone stand where a news conference was supposed to take place.

"I hope he's gone to God, and I hope that he's free of all the troubles he's been plagued with," Tonya Blazer, 50, who said she had been a fan going back more than four decades to his days as a child star.

"I just feel like I'm paying tribute to him," said Dawn Burgess, 42, a fan who said she had posters of Michael pinned to her bedroom wall when she was a child.

CHILD STAR TO MEGASTAR

Jackson was born on Aug. 29, 1958, in Gary, Indiana, the seventh of nine children. Five Jackson boys -- Jackie, Tito, Jermaine, Marlon and Michael -- first performed together at a talent show when Michael was 6. They walked off with first prize and went on to become a best-selling band, The Jackson Five, and then The Jackson 5.

Jackson made his first solo album in 1972, and released "Thriller" in 1982, which became a smash hit that yielded seven top-10 singles. The album sold 21 million copies in the United States and at least 27 million worldwide.

The next year, he unveiled his signature "moonwalk" dance move while performing "Billie Jean" during an NBC special.

In 1994, Jackson married Elvis Presley's only child, Lisa Marie, but the marriage ended in divorce in 1996. Jackson married Debbie Rowe the same year and had two children, before splitting in 1999. The couple never lived together.

Jackson has three children named Prince Michael I, Paris Michael and Prince Michael II, known for his brief public appearance when his father held him over the railing of a hotel balcony, causing widespread criticism.

New Yorkers and tourists in the city's Times Square were shocked at the news of Jackson's death.

"I don't know what to say. It's sad, it's really, really sad," said Nicole Smith, an 18-year-old student from Brooklyn, New York, in Times Square. "My mother was a fan. I listened to his music."

"I'm shocked. I thought someone was lying to me when I first heard it. I was a fan from when he was a little boy and then he got weird," said Sue Sheider, 51, a teacher from Long Island.
source

June 21, 2009

June 19, 2009

nasa images


russian plane violated indian air space-2009 june




A Russian military cargo aircraft AN-24 on Friday night intruded into Indian airspace from Pakistan and landed at the international

airport out.

As the plane entered into Indian airspace without the right code, it was escorted to Mumbai airport by Indian Air Force planes, a spokesman of Mumbai International Airport Limited spokesman said here.

The MIAL spokesman said the plane with Russian markings came from Pakistani airspace and was escorted over the Mumbai airport by IAF planes.

The cargo aircraft landed at the airport at around 2240 hours after being allowed by the Air Traffic Control.

Security forces have surrounded the aircraft.
sources

Images


June 13, 2009

Addl troops for Arunachal infrastructure: Gen Kapoor

he army chief has indirectly indicated the purpose of troop deployment plans in Arunachal Pradesh reported earlier to be secondary and in support of the purpose of building and protecting infrastructure projects in the state.
“We are carrying out a certain amount of infrastructural improvement on our side in the areas on our side to ensure the development reaches in those areas. And therefore it is part of our infrastructural development to ensure that we are in a position to meet any kind of challenges,” said General Kapoor.
StratPost had reported earlier this week, the plans of the Indian Army to deploy two divisions to Arunachal Pradesh. While the troop deployment in itself, would have necessitated the large-scale development of infrastructure, the army chief, in a bid to calm the waters has indicated infrastructure to be the priority, deeming the possible stationing of additional troops as secondary and incidental.
“As of now we have no plans of additional troop deployment immediately. We will look at it as and when the situation develops,” said the army chief. Some sources have informed StratPost that this is likely to be an attempt to play down the issue of increasing Indian Army presence in Arunachal Pradesh part of which is claimed by China as being part of Tibet and thus, part of China.
The reported plans for the two additional divisions in Arunachal had caused strong editorial reactions in China and the reports of Chinese incursions into Indian territory had elicited an adverse reaction from the Chinese Foreign Ministry. This, coupled with reports that Defense Minister AK Antony has told senior Indian Air Force (IAF) officers to refrain from making comments on China and Pakistan are also said to have led to the army chief’s portrayal of the issue being primarily one of infrastructural development and not increasing the presence of troops in the state.
The new government is however clearly seized of security concerns in the Northeast and the need to build up infrastructure in the region. The Ministry of Defense also yesterday indicated that the Border Roads Organization (BRO), the premier road and highway building and maintenance organization in the frontier regions, would begin contracting private vendors to airlift supplies and materiel to project locations in the remote, border regions of the country, where deliveries on the ground are difficult.
StratPost has already reported the deployment of Sukhoi-30 MKI aircraft to Tezpur air base in Assam to take place on Monday and later also to Chabua, close to Arunachal Pradesh.
source

June 9, 2009

CAT (Common Admission Test)

Common Admission Test known as CAT is prepared by those students who are interested to do their MBA in any of the reputed MBA institutes in India. CAT is a competitive entrance examination which is organized by the Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs). Based on the examination results the eligible students are selected and they are called for Group Discussion and Personal Interview. The students with a Bachelor’s degree and 50% of marks are eligible for attending this examination. Students who all have completed and waiting for their exam results are also eligible for this competitive examination. The question paper pattern is divided into four sections,
• Verbal Ability,
• Reading Comprehension,
• Problem Solving and
• Data Interpretation.
All these are multiple choice questions and negative marks is allotted for each wrong choice of answer. Every year the question paper pattern is changed in order to avoid predictability. The students must study at least 2 hours daily, so that it will be easy for them to crack the CAT. They must improve their communication skills and should be capable enough to communicate without any grammatical errors. Work out the problems and understand the concept instead of mugging. While working out the problems find the short cuts so that it will be helpful during the exam. Speed is an important criterion, so students should not spend their entire time solving a single problem. Read a lot of books and always hold a pocket dictionary. For Group Discussion they should be aware of the current affairs and should talk confidently. While attending the personal interviews one should be honest and should not be nervous. People who feel that they are bit nervous can practice and get guidance from their friends or from some experienced persons. Always feel positive and don’t lose hope.

How to survive in a nuclear attack

11 Steps to Survival
Canada Emergency Measures Organization
Department of National Defence
Blueprint for Survival No. 4

Make this your handbook for emergencies.

Keep it in a handy place so that you and your family can refer to it quickly should any emergency threaten.

Keep other emergency advice such as first aid and artificial respiration instructions, antidotes for poison, emergency telephone numbers, in the same place.
Introduction

The Canadian Government has joined other peace-minded nations in doing everything possible to reduce world tensions, to assist in the settlement of international disputes by peaceful means and to achieve disarmament with such controls as are necessary to preserve the security of all nations. However, the awesome threat of a major nuclear war involving North America remains a factor in plans for the defence of Canada.

The nature and scale of a possible nuclear attack on North America, and the extent to which Canada would be involved in such an attack, cannot be predicted with accuracy. Our major centres would be at some risk of deliberate attack, random explosions could occur, and there would be the certainty of the danger from widespread, radioactive fallout over most of the Country.

Governments at all levels have made, and are continuing to make, preparations which will reduce the number of casualties, safeguard survivors and contribute to the capacity of this nation to survive and recover from such a tragedy. The purpose of this booklet is to assist individuals and families in making personal survival plans and preparations to guard themselves against the potential dangers of nuclear war.

Many of the precautions which are recommended will serve a double purpose in that they will save lives in peacetime disasters such as flood, tornado, fire, hurricane, blizzard, ice storm or earthquake. Attention has been directed to this important feature throughout the various steps.

All Canadians are urged to read "11 Steps to Survival" with care to act on the advice it contains and to keep it handy for emergencies.

Although protected by Crown Copyright, the contents may be reproduced in whole or in part provided proper acknowledgment of the source is made.

The Queen's Printer
Ottawa, 1969
Cat. No. Id 83-1/4

The Eleven Steps to Survival

Governments and communities at all levels are planning for the survival of our Nation in the event of a nuclear war. But the survival of individuals also will depend upon the preparation that each person makes. Persons ready to take the right action before and following an attack will increase their chances of survival.

This pamphlet describes what YOU can do before and following a nuclear attack. You can greatly increase your family's and your own protection by taking the Eleven Steps to Survival:

* Step 1: Know the effects of nuclear explosions.
* Step 2: Know the facts about radioactive fallout.
* Step 3: Know the warning signal and have a battery-powered radio.
* Step 4: Know how to take shelter.
* Step 5: Have fourteen days emergency supplies.
* Step 6: Know how to prevent and fight fires.
* Step 7: Know first aid and home nursing.
* Step 8: Know emergency cleanliness.
* Step 9: Know how to get rid of radioactive dust.
* Step 10: Know your municipal plans.
* Step 11: Have a plan for your family and yourself.

Step 1: Know the Effects of Nuclear Explosions

A nuclear explosion releases vast amounts of energy in three forms:

1. Light and heat
2. Blast
3. Radiation

The amount of energy released depends upon the size and design of the weapon. A wide range of weapons and delivery systems are available to an aggressor and we have no way of knowing what size of explosions might take place in Canada. For illustration purposes, we describe in this pamphlet the effects of a 5-megaton H-bomb equal to the explosive force of five million tons of TNT. Such a bomb could substantially damage the largest Canadian city.

The effects depend upon whether the weapon is exploded high in the air, or on, or near the ground. An air burst usually produces more fire and blast-damage than a ground burst which results in a big crater and more radioactive fallout. The effects described below are approximate for a 5-megaton explosion and can only be approximate since effects depend upon a number of conditions such as weather, terrain, etc.
Air Burst
Ground Burst
Light and Heat

A blaze of light brighter than the sun is produced by a nuclear explosion. It lasts for about 15 seconds. Temporary blindness and eye injury can result from the glare if eyes are not shielded.

The heat rays from the explosion travel at the speed of light or about 186,000 miles per second. It can start fires up to 20 miles away. Many fires are caused when the heat pulse comes through a window to set fire to curtains, paper, clothing and furniture. The heat flash also can set fire to the outside of wooden buildings.

The following are some examples of the predictable effects on unprotected skin of the heat flash of a 5-megaton weapon exploded on a clear day:

* Skin is badly burned up to 15 miles from the explosion.
* Skin is blistered up to 18 miles from the explosion.
* Sunburn types of burns up to 23 miles from the explosion.

Nuclear explosions in the air rather than on the ground are more likely to produce a greater number of serious burns through the heat flash. Clothing will give some protection. A shield between you and the light will give protection against burns from the heat flash.
Effects on Buildings
Effects on Exposed People
Blast

The blast wave travels more slowly than the heat flash. Several seconds may pass after you have seen the light or felt the heat before the blast wave reaches you, depending on the distance you are from the explosion. It is like the time between seeing the flash of lightning and hearing the sound of thunder. For example, at ten miles from the centre of an explosion, it would take about 35 seconds for the blast wave to reach you. If caught in the open during a nuclear explosion, this time can be used to find some protection from the blast wave.

You might be injured by being thrown about by the blast; therefore, keep low. The greatest danger is from flying glass, bricks and other debris. The blast from a 5-megaton explosion could injure people as far away as 15 miles.
Blast

The kinds of damage that the blast can do to buildings are:

* Complete destruction of all buildings three miles from the centre of the explosion.
* Damage beyond repair to buildings three to five miles distant. They would have to be torn down.
* Major repairs required to buildings five to 10 miles distant before they could be occupied.
* Light to moderate damage to buildings 10 to 15 miles distant. They could be occupied during repairs.

A 20-megaton bomb increases the approximate ranges of damage described above to five, eight, sixteen and twenty-four miles.

These are approximate distances as the strength of buildings is not uniform. For example, reinforced concrete buildings are more blast resistant than wood frame structures. In some areas four miles away from the explosion, concrete buildings might be repairable, while wood frame buildings would be completely destroyed. Windows, of course, are very vulnerable and are apt to be blown in as far away as 25 miles from the explosion.
Radiation

A nuclear explosion causes both immediate radiation and residual radiation.

Immediate radiation is given off at the time of the explosion. It is dangerous only within two or three miles. If you were near the explosion without adequate protection and managed to survive the effects of blast and fire, you could still be seriously affected by immediate radiation.

Residual radiation is given off by the radioactive particles left as "fallout" after the explosion. The danger from fallout would be so great and widespread that it is discussed separately, in >Step 2.
Protection against Heat, Blast and Immediate Radiation

The illustrations below show some of the most probable situations in which you might find yourself at the time of a nuclear attack, and what you should do:
Protection against Heat, Blast and Immediate Radiation
Step 2: Know the Facts About Radioactive Fallout

If a nuclear weapon is exploded on, or near, the ground, danger from radioactive fallout is greatest. The force of the explosion may make a crater up to a mile wide and to a depth of one hundred feet. Millions of tons of pulverized earth, stones, buildings and other materials are drawn up into the fireball and become radioactive. Some of the heavier particles spill out around the point of explosion. The rest are sucked up into the mushroom cloud.

This radioactive material is then carried by winds until it settles to earth. This is called "Fallout". Under some circumstances you may see the fallout; under others you may not.

The radioactivity it gives off cannot be seen. You can't feel it. You can't smell it.

But fallout doesn't come out of the sky like a gas and seep into everything. It can best be described as a fine to coarse sand carried by the winds. Because the wind direction varies at different heights above the ground, it is not possible to judge from the ground where the fallout will settle. It can settle in irregular patterns hundreds of miles from the explosion.

The fallout from a 5-megaton explosion could affect seriously an area of 7,000 square miles. If nothing were done to gain protection during the period of high radioactivity, there would be a grave danger to life in that area.

Because fallout is carried so far and covers such a large area, it could be the greatest danger to the largest number of Canadians in a nuclear war. If Canada was not hit by nuclear bombs, those exploding in the United States close to our border could result in serious fallout in many parts of Canada.

There are four things which determine the amount of radiation reaching your body from fallout:

1. The time that has passed since the explosion.
2. The length of time you are exposed to fallout.
3. The distance you are from the fallout.
4. The shielding between you and the fallout.

Direction of Fallout at Various Altitudes
Fallout Spread
Time

The radioactivity in fallout weakens rapidly in the first hours after an explosion. This weakening is called "decay". After seven hours, fallout has lost about 90% of the strength it had one hour after the explosion. After two days it has lost 99%; in two weeks 99.9% of its strength is gone. Nevertheless, if the radiation at the beginning were high enough, the remaining 0.1% could be dangerous.

Radiation must be measured by special instruments handled by people trained to use them. But, if you stay in a shelter during the first days following an explosion, you escape the strongest radiation. You should stay in the shelter until radiation has been measured and you have been told aver the radio that it is safe to come out.
Radiation Decay Time
Distance

The strength of radiation reaching your body is reduced the farther you are from the fallout. Here are some illustrations of the safest place to be when you are in various kinds of buildings.
Distance
Shielding

The most effective protection is to place some heavy material between yourself and the fallout. The heavier the material the better the protection. Many common materials give excellent protection. The materials and design of the fallout shelter recommended in Blueprint for Survival No. 1 will stop penetration of 99% of outside radiation.

These thicknesses of material will stop 99% of radiation:

* 16 inches of solid brick
* 16 inches of hollow concrete blocks filled with mortar or sand
* 2 feet of packed earth Ä 3 feet if loose
* 5 inches of steel
* 3 inches of lead
* 3 feet of water

A fallout shelter is the best way to protect your family and yourself against radiation because:

* It keeps the radiation at a distance.
* It shields you from radiation.
* The time spent there is the period when radiation is most intense.

By providing your family and yourself with a fallout shelter, you are unlikely to suffer serious effects from radioactive fallout.
Shielding
Personal Danger from Fallout

Radioactive particles in contact with your skin for a few hours may produce burns. Follow Step 9 to prevent this danger.

Radioactive particles swallowed in food or water might be harmful. Follow Step 9 to prevent this danger.

Radioactivity from an area of fallout may produce illness in the unprotected individual after a few days. Follow Step 4 to prevent this danger.

Radiation illness develops slowly. It cannot be spread to other people. Except for temporary nausea shortly after exposure, evidence of serious effects from radiation may only appear after an interval of from a few days to three weeks. A combination of loss of hair, loss of appetite, increasing paleness, weakness, diarrhoea, sore throat, bleeding gums and easy bruising indicate that the individual requires medical attention. Nausea and vomiting may be caused by fright, worry, food poisoning, pregnancy and other common conditions.
Step 3: Know the Warning Signal and have a Battery-Powered Radio

All Canadian communities where there is a likely need are provided, or will be provided, with sirens. Other areas should have warning arrangements based on local systems such as telephones, horns, bells or factory whistles.

Warning devices are only attention-getters. Dependent on the size of your municipality, the sirens, bells, telephones, etc., will sound the Attack Warning.

There is one type of siren warning signal in Canada:
The ATTACK WARNING Signal

The ATTACK WARNING Signal: A wailing (undulating) tone on the sirens of three to five minutes duration or short blasts on horns or other devices repeated as necessary means:

* An attack on North America has been detected;
* Warning of fallout.

WHEN YOU HEAR THE WARNING SIGNAL, YOU SHOULD TAKE PROTECTIVE ACTION AND LISTEN TO THE RADIO FOR INSTRUCTIONS.
A Radio is Essential

When the Attack Warning sounds, you must take protective action. Take a battery-powered radio with you. Broadcast advice and instruction may help to save your life. If you don't have a portable radio, turn up the volume of your house radio so that it can be heard in your shelter. If away from home you are forced to take emergency shelter and are near a radio-equipped vehicle, turn up the volume and open all the vehicle's doors or windows.

The Canadian Emergency Broadcasting System, a network of all Canadian radio and television stations which will be formed when a nuclear attack on Canada has been detected, will tell you when and how to take emergency protective action against possible attack and shelter against fallout if an attack occurs.
broadcast_warning
Before Attack

If sirens or warning systems signal impending attack, regardless of where you are or what you are doing, you must take the best available cover against the blast, heat and light effects of nuclear explosions.

Emergency broadcast instructions will include the following advice:

* If you are at home go to the basement or strongest part of your house or building which offers the best protection. If material is handy, improvise blast protection. See Step 4.
* Take your battery radio with you, or turn up the house radio so that you can hear it while under cover.
* Stay away from windows.
* Lie down and protect yourself from flying glass and falling debris.
* Shield your eyes from the flash of an explosion.
* If you are away from home take protective cover immediately.
* If you are travelling, stop and take protective cover immediately, or if you are only a few minutes from a safe destination, proceed and take protective cover immediately.
* Listen to your radio for further instructions.

After Attack

If sirens or warning systems sound following nuclear attacks, the warning may mean another attack or that radioactive fallout is approaching your area. You will be advised over the radio. If the advice concerns fallout, you must take cover against the fallout effects. (See Step 4).

Radio broadcasts will identify areas which will be affected by the fallout and give instructions and advice. These might include:

* Location of nuclear explosions causing local fallout.
* Information about the parts of the country to be affected by fallout.
* Length of time before fallout is likely to reach specific communities or areas.
* Ways to increase fallout protection.
* Supplies to take to your fallout shelter.
* Whether it is safer to stay in your community or area, or to go to other areas.
* Advice as to which areas are free of danger.
* Advice on when to leave shelters and for how long as danger from radioactive contamination diminishes.
* Requests for help in rescue operations, such as rescue, firefighting and medical assistance.
* Advice on conservation of food, water and fuel.
* How to keep warm when power is off and the weather is cold.

Don't Use The Telephone

When the sirens sound don't use the telephone. Listen to a radio or television for information. In the event of an Attack Warning telephone lines will be required for official use.
Step 4: Know How to Take Shelter

It is important to provide your family and yourself with a shelter. But what kind of shelter? This is a decision you must make yourself after studying the problem.

Study your shelter requirements in the same way that you would study accident or fire insurance. Decide upon the degree of protection you want for your family and yourself. Shelter is your insurance against something you hope will not happen, but if it does, will give you protection.

Shelters of the type commonly used in Europe during the Second World War would not provide protection against the blast of a nuclear explosion. They were designed to withstand short shock pressures lasting something like 1/100th of a second. Shelters designed to withstand the pressures created by a nuclear explosion must be able to stand up to pressures lasting as long as 6 seconds. In addition, they must be capable of giving the occupants protection against fires outside the shelter as well as against radiation.

The fallout shelter is designed to give protection against radioactive fallout only. Because most people in Canada probably would not be affected by the blast and heat effects of nuclear explosions, protection against fallout is all that is required by them.

The type of shelter for good protection depends upon the distance it will be from the explosion. Unfortunately, it is not possible to know this in advance. That is why each individual must make his own decision when selecting the type of shelter he wishes to have.

Blueprint for Survival No. 1 gives details of a fallout shelter for the home in which you now live. If you rent the home, the decision to construct a shelter must be taken jointly with your landlord.

Blueprint for Survival No. 2 gives details of a fallout shelter for the new home you may be planning to build.

Blueprint for Survival No. 6 gives details of blast shelters which may be built outside the home.

These pamphlets are available from your local Emergency Measures or Civil Defence Organization.
In your shelter
Improvised Protection Against Blast

One of the simplest ways to improvise some anti-blast protection is to build a lean-to (bed springs or boards) against a work bench or heavy table, preferably in the basement, and pile mattresses on it and at the ends. If the material is readily available it could be built in a matter of minutes after the ATTACK WARNING is sounded and could protect you from loose bricks, flying glass, etc.

If you are in the open and there is a ditch or culvert within easy, quick reach, lie face down in it and cover your face with your arms. Make sure this shelter is not too close to buildings which could collapse into it.
Improvised Protection Against Blast

"After" the blast and heat of the explosion, you would have to find other protection against fallout which will come down later. (Don't forget your battery-powered radio).

None of these improvisations is as good as a properly equipped blast shelter, but any single one of them could mean the difference between life and death.
Improvised Protection Against Fallout

You may not have a fallout shelter when warning of approaching fallout is broadcast. Here are some tips on how to increase your protection in a basement. The amount of protection you can build will depend on how much time you have available until fallout arrives.

* You can improvise a small emergency shelter by using furniture, doors, dressers, work-bench and other materials.
* Select a corner of your basement, if possible away from windows, in which to build your shelter. Remove inside house doors from hinges to use as a shelter roof over supports. Supports for the improvised roof can be cabinets, chests of drawers, work-bench, or anything which will bear a heavy load. Use the house doors as a roof surface to provide a base for the heavy material you will have to place on it. Bricks, concrete blocks, sand-filled drawers or boxes, books or other dense items on the roof will help reduce radiation penetration. Around the sides and front of your shelter build walls of dense materials to provide vertical shielding. A small cabinet or dirt-filled box as may be used as a crawl-in entrance which can be closed behind you.
* Remember, the heavier or more dense the material around you, the greater the protection.
* Block basement windows with earth, bricks, concrete blocks, books or even bundles of newspaper. In winter, use packed snow.
* On the floor above the corner of the you select as your shelter area, pile any heavy objects you may have available, such as furniture, trunks filled with clothes, dirt-filled boxes, books, newspapers, or earth from outside.
* Outside, against above ground walls of the basement around your shelter area heap earth, sand, bricks, concrete blocks or packed snow.

Improvised Protection Against Radiation - Basement
Improvised Protection Against Radiation - Basement

If your home has no basement or crawl space, build your emergency shelter in that part of the house (centre hall or clothes closet) farthest away from outside walls and the roof. Build it as described for houses with basements. On the floor immediately above your shelter area, and against surrounding walls, pile up furniture, trunks, dressers, dirtfilled boxes or other heavy material which will reduce radio-active penetration into your emergency shelter.
Improvised Protection Against Radiation - House
Step 5: Have 14 Days Emergency Supplies

Nuclear attacks on centres of production, and fallout conditions, may curtail the distribution of available food stocks for several days or even weeks following these attacks. Persons who had taken shelter against fallout might be advised to stay in their shelters for as long as 14 days. Those who had chosen to evacuate larger cities would be dependent largely on the resources available in reception towns. Because of these possibilities, it is recommended that every person should have emergency supplies. These supplies should include food, water, battery-powered radio, first aid kit, and where necessary, medical supplies as recommended in Step 7. Heavy clothing would be necessary in winter. Extra changes of clothing should be considered particularly stockings and underclothing.

For those who may choose to evacuate major centres, supplies must be selected carefully because of space limitation in the family car. Supplies should be packaged beforehand so that they can quickly be put into the car. See the pamphlet "Your Emergency Pack" available from your local Emergency Measures or Civil Defence Organization.

Many of the recommended items are already in your home.

Whether you choose to evacuate or take shelter locally, you should have a road map with you. You could then relate the information about areas under fallout, which you would hear about on the radio, to your actual location. Toys, games, books for your children would help to occupy their time if they had to remain in shelter from fallout. Your battery-powered radio will keep you in contact with the outside world.

The following is a suggested list of items from which your two weeks' supplies should be developed to be in your shelter or handy to it.
Equipment

* Beds (bunks or folding)
* Bedding
* Toilet
* Polyethylene bags for toilet
* Table (folding or other)
* Stools (folding)
* Cups and plates (disposable)
* Knives, forks, spoons
* Can opener
* Cooking utensils
* Kerosene cooker (Do not use a pressurized stove in the confines of your shelter.)
* Kerosene lamp
* Kerosene (sufficient for 14 days)
* Candles
* Safety matches
* Hand basin
* Calendar
* Paper towels
* Garbage can (two if no waste water runoff is possible)
* Garbage bags
* Shovel
* Broom
* Battery radio and spare batteries
* Electric lamp and spare bulbs
* Clock
* Flashlight and spare batteries
* Fire extinguisher
* Hand tools
* Pocket knife
* Axe
* String
* Light rope

Recreational

* Books
* Paper
* Pencils
* Playing cards
* Chess, checkers, other games
* Crosswords, other puzzles
* Knitting, sewing, etc.
* Hobby materials
* Plasticine

Toiletries

* Soap
* Toothpaste
* Toothbrushes
* Detergent
* Nail brush
* Razor, blades and soap
* Women's basic cosmetics
* Tissues (face and toilet)
* Face cloth
* Towels
* Brush and comb

Clothing and Personal Items

Coveralls, rubber boots, rubber gloves for adults. To be used in venturing outside even after instructions have been given that this is safe for short periods.

* Bedding (blankets preferable)
* Warm sweaters and socks
* Change of underclothing and socks
* Personal hygiene items for women
* Baby clothes
* Baby feeding equipment
* Disposable diapers (two-week supply)
* Legal papers
* Plastic sheeting

Medical

(See Step 7)
Food

These are suggested items and amounts for each adult for 14 days in shelter. Check off the items as you stock them in the shelter and mark the purchase date on them. Food stored for emergency use should be used and replaced at least once a year.

* Milk: 14 cans (6-oz) or 6 cans (15-oz) evaporated milk or 1-lb dried skim milk
* Vegetables: 6 cans (15 or 20-oz) - beans, peas, tomatoes, corn
* Fruits: 6 cans (15 or 20-oz) Ä peaches, pears, apple sauce
* Juices: 6 cans (20-oz) Ä apple, grapefruit, lemon, orange and tomato
* Cereals: 14 individual packages (sealed in wax bags inside or outside)
* Biscuits:
o 2 packages of crackers (1-lb. each)
o 2 packages of cookies or graham wafers
* Main Dish Items:
o 2 cans meat (12-oz) - corned beef, luncheon meats
o 2 cans beef and gravy
o 2 cans baked beans (15 or 20-oz)
o 2 jars cheese
o 2 cans fish (8-oz)
* Canned and Dehydrated Soups: 2 cans (10-oz) - bean, pea, tomato, vegetable

Other Foods:

* 1 large jar or can honey, syrup, jam or marmalade
* 2 lbs. hard candy
* 1 jar or can peanut butter
* 1 package tea bags or instant tea
* 1 jar sugar
* 1 jar instant coffee
* Salt and pepper
* Instant chocolate powder
* Chewing gum

Special Requirements for Children

* For each infant include 14 cans evaporated milk (15 oz) and infant food for 14 days.
* For each child up to 3 years, include 8 extra cans of milk.
* Decrease amounts of other foods according to appetite.
* Food for older children can be the same as for adults; adjust amounts according to appetite.

Water

* Requirements: 7-14 gallons for each adult member of family; more for younger children (some water may be replaced by canned beverages).
* Containers: Store in well-cleaned, covered containers such as large thermos jugs, new fuel cans, large bottles, or plastic containers.
* Change: Change stored water at least once a month.

Other Emergency Water Supplies
Step 6: Know How To Prevent And Fight Fires

Misinformation about the fire danger from nuclear explosions is widespread and common. For example, some persons believe that the fire-ball would completely incinerate a city. This is not true.

The heat from the fire-ball lasts about 15 seconds and would create fires which are no different from the fires you see in peacetime. They can be put out with water and extinguishers, and if each survivor were able to put out a small fire quickly, mass fires would not take place.

The heat flash from the fire-ball entering through windows and doors could set fire to curtains, clothes, furniture and paper. Other fires could break out in attics, in backyard trash, on wooden shingles and on the outside of houses built of wood particularly if they are unpainted or weathered.

Knowing how to prevent and fight fires at home and at work reduces the number of peacetime fires. The same knowledge will also reduce the number of fires caused by a nuclear explosion.

But how can you fight fires in the presence of fallout? From 5 to 15 miles from the centre of the explosion, there will be many survivors. Fallout will not start coming down for about 30 minutes. During this half hour, survivors should inspect their houses and put out all the small fires they can. They must not rely on the fire department to extinguish these fires.

You should have in your home and place of work, fire extinguishers, or in an emergency, create a water supply for fire fighting in pails, bathtubs, washtubs, etc. Don't rely on being able to use the established water supply system.

Even those who live in areas not attacked may find their fire departments will have to fight major fires elsewhere. Every householder should learn how to carry out fire prevention and know how to fight small fires. It may prove of value in peacetime!

Your local fire authorities are always anxious to advise you on how to fight fires. Attend any emergency fire fighting classes held in your area.

Here are some tips for an emergency:

* Prepare for emergency by preventing accumulations of trash and rubbish in and around the home. This would include dry leaves and grass, lumber, boxes, cardboard cartons, old unused furniture, bales of newspapers, etc. Keep waste and garbage in covered containers.
* The shaking and twisting of buildings and homes due to blast waves in wartime or earthquakes and explosions in peacetime, may break utility inlets at the point they enter the structure. This may allow gas or fuel oil to flow into basements creating a severe hazard. Do not smoke, strike a match, or a lighter, to light your way into a darkened basement. Gas or oil vapours may be present and a violent explosion and fire may result.
* To lessen the danger of fires and explosions follow local instructions about shutting off utility services when the ATTACK WARNING sounds.
* If you have a coal-burning furnace, or a wood-stove, extinguish it or at least be sure to close all fuel and draft doors.
* Close curtains shutters or venetian blinds on all windows and remove furniture from window areas.

Fighting a Fire
TO FIGHT AN ORDINARY FIRE:

* Take away its fuel. Get the burning material out of your home.
* Take away its air. Smother it with a blanket, wet if possible, or a rug.
* Cool it with water, earth, sand or fire extinguisher.

GAS, OIL, ELECTRICAL FIRES REQUIRE SPECIAL METHODS:

* Gas fire: Make sure the gas is shut off and then try to extinguish anything still burning.
* Oil fires: Make sure the supply is shut off then smother the fire with earth, sand, rugs or other heavy materialsÄDon't use water.
* Electrical fires: Make sure the electricity is shut off then put out the fire. Don't use water if the power is still on.

PROMPT ACTION TO PUT OUT SMALL FIRES IMMEDIATELY FOLLOWING A NUCLEAR ATTACK WILL SAVE LIVES.
Step 7: Know First Aid And Home Nursing

The acquisition of First Aid and Home Nursing skills prepares individuals to serve effectively in a national emergency. If such an emergency occurs, the care of many thousands of injured or seriously ill persons becomes a tremendous task for the organized health services. Doctors and nurses may not be readily available to assist you. Thus the importance of First Aid and Home Nursing skills takes on a new dimension. The survival of the injured or sick members of your family may become your responsibility.

The main objectives of training individuals in first aid and home nursing are:

1. To preserve life
2. To minimize the effects of injury or illness
3. To relieve suffering or distress
4. To provide continuing care and assist in rehabilitation.

Therefore you must:

* Know and practice life-saving first aid.
* Know and practice simple home nursing measures.

First Aid Supplies

A simple first aid box kept in your shelter or in your evacuation kit should contain:

* 1 bottle mild antiseptic solution (use to clean cuts)
* 5 yards 2-inch gauze bandage
* 2 triangular bandages (use for slings)
* 12 4" x 4" sterile pads (use to cover cuts, wounds and burns)
* 12 assorted individual adhesive dressins (use for minor cuts)
* 2 large dressing pads (shell dressing type) 8" x 8" (Available at minimal cost from St. John Ambulance Association)
* 5 yards 1/2 inch adhesive tape
* 9 assorted safety pins
* 1 small bottle toothache drops (for temporary treatment of toothache)
* 1 tube of petroleum jelly
* 1 small bottle aspirin tablets
* 1 thermometer
* 1 small scissors (blunt ended)
* 1 medicine glass
* 1 pair tweezers
* 4 oz baking soda and 8 oz table salt (make a drinking solution by adding 1 tsp salt and 1/2 tsp baking soda to 1 qt. of water)
* 1 First Aid Manual (St. John Ambulance Association)
* 1 Home Nursing Textbook (St. John Ambulance Association and/or Canadian Red Cross Society)
* 1 packet paper tissues

NOTE: individuals requiring special medication such as insulin should maintain at least 100-days supplies.
First Aid Hints

General Rules:

* Keep calm.
* Keep the injured person Iying down in a comfortable position, his head level with his body until you determine whether his injuries are serious.
* Examine for stoppage of breathing, serious bleeding or broken bones. These must be treated immediately before any attempt is made to move the injured person. Do not be hurried into this unless you are in a situation of extreme danger.
* Keep him comfortably warm with blankets or other coverings, under and above the patient.
* Never attempt to give a semi-conscious or unconscious person anything to drink.

Unconsciousness:

An unconscious patient lying on his back may be strangled by his own tongue which will tend to fall back and obstruct the airway. All unconscious persons should be placed lying half over on their faces, (three-quarter-prone position).

If the patient is breathing quietly and easily and his lips are pink and have no froth on them, breathing is not obstructed.

If the patient is breathing noisily and with difficulty, if his lips are blue and frothing, or if his chest is sucked inwards when he breathes in, his airway is obstructed and needs immediate attention.

Keep the airway clear by:
Placing the casualty on his back; supporting his shoulders on a pad of any suitable material available; tilting the head back with one hand on the forehead, the other lifting the neck.

Breathing for a patient

If his breathing stops you can breathe for the patient by blowing air into his lungs. Take a deep breath. Pinch the casualty's nostrils. Place mouth to mouth tightly. Blow into the casualty's lungs strongly enough to cause his chest to rise. The cycle should be repeated every 3 to 5 seconds for an adult and a little more frequently for a child. Blow more gently for a child or a baby, but strongly enough to make the chest rise.

Wounds:

You Must:

* Stop bleeding (haemorrhage)
* Keep out germs (infection)

Cover the wound with a clean dressing to keep out dirt and germs. Bandage it on firmly to stop the bleeding. If a wound is bleeding profusely, hold it firmly with your hand until you can secure an emergency dressing. Any thick pad of clean, soft, compressible material large enough to cover the wound will make a good dressing. Clean handkerchiefs, towels, sanitary pads, tissue handkerchiefs or sheets make good emergency dressings.
Controlling bleeding

Burns:

Cover the burned area with large, thick, dry dressing and bandage it on firmly.

Encourage the casualty to drink plenty of fluids. A solution of salt and soda is useful to give to casualties with burns and to those who have suffered from serious bleeding.

Broken bones (fractures):

If a limb is very painful and cannot be used, appears to be bent in the wrong place or the casualty says he heard or felt the bone snap, it is likely that a bone is broken.

Sharp ends of a broken bone may damage important structures such as blood vessels and nerves. A broken limb should be steadied and supported to prevent movement of the broken ends before attempting to move the patient.

If a person's back or neck is so severely injured that he is afraid to move because of pain, or cannot move or feel his limbs, you should assume that he has a broken back. He should be moved on a hard, firm stretcher taking great care not to "jack-knife" him by picking up his feet and shoulders. Improvised stretchers can be made from a door, wide board, window shutter, etc. Fill in the natural hollows of the track and neck with padding and support the head on both sides to prevent movement.
An improvised stretcher
DO NOT:

* Put strong antiseptics into a wound.
* Use a tourniquet.
* Remove clothing which is stuck to a burn.
* Break any blisters or apply creams or grease to a large burn.
* Give anything by mouth to a semi-conscious patient, or to a patient with internal abdominal wounds.

HOME NURSING HINTS

Before medical or nursing help becomes available you may also encounter infant care problems. emotional problems and persons suffering from radiation sickness. What to observe, and what to do for these latter cases, is outlined below.
Infant Care

Breast feeding is preferable but, if not possible, then a formula using powdered or evaporated milk should be prepared under clean conditions.

If vomiting or diarrhoea occurs infants and children become dehydrated very quickly. To avoid this happening give frequent sips of boiled water.

If a rash or fever develops, keep others away from the sick child.
Emotional Problems

Persons who become emotionally disturbed following a disaster should be treated calmly but firmly. They should be kept in small groups, preferably with persons whom they know and encouraged to "talk out" their problem. If they are not otherwise injured they should be given something to do. It may be necessary to enlist the aid of one other calm person to help subdue the overexcited patient. If a stunned or dazed reaction persists over 6 to 8 hours this should be reported to a doctor or nurse immediately one becomes available.
Radiation Sickness

The signs and symptoms of this illness are described in Step 2.

Treatment includes rest, the provision of whatever nutritional food and drink is available and personal encouragement to get well. Swab the mouth gently with mild, warm salt and water if it becomes sore. As these patients are susceptible to infection, keep wounds clean and covered with a sterile dressing. Separate these patients from persons with colds, rash or fever.
Improvised Equipment

The following suggestions may help you care for your patient when proper equipment is not available.

* Bed: A couch, mattress or any well padded, firm surface; if too low raise on bricks, boxes or wooden blocks.
* Bedding Protection: Old crib pads cut into a convenient size and placed over a waterproof sheeting; or several layers of newspaper and heavy brown paper covered with old soft cotton. (Never use thin plastic if patient is a child.)
* Backrest: A straight-backed chair turned upside down at head of bed and securely tied to bed; a triangular bolster or cushions from a chair or chesterfield.
* Bed Cradle: A light wooden box or firm cardboard carton approximately 10 x 12 x 24 inches, with two sides removed; or a hoop sawn in half and the two pieces joined together in the centre.
* Pressure Pads: Soft cushion or foam or sponge rubber pads will protect heels, elbows, back of head or any other body pressure point.
* Bedpan or Urinal: For bedpan use a padded dish or pan; for urinal any wide-necked bottle or jar.
* Hot Water Bottle: A heated brick wrapped in several layers of newspaper.

START TRAINING NOW!
ONE PERSON IN EVERY FAMILY SHOULD BE TRAINED IN FIRST AID AND/OR HOME NURSING.

Courses in these skills are available in most municipalities from your local St. John Ambulance Association or Canadian Red Cross Society.
REGISTER NOW!
Step 8: Know Emergency Cleanliness

Your limited supply of water will have to be rationed and used only for essential purposes. If you have enough warning time before the arrival of fallout, fill your bathtub, all available buckets and pans with water. And remember that there is an emergency supply in your hot water tank. (Don't forget this if in peacetime your water supply has been temporarily disrupted).

The problems of garbage and human waste disposal can be solved even if fallout keeps you in the shelter. Put all your garbage in tightly covered garbage pails. After using your emergency toilet, you should tie human waste in waterproof plastic (polyethylene) bags and place them in the garbage pail. Store a 14-day supply of the plastic bags. After the second day in the shelter, you may risk leaving it for a few minutes for essential tasks. Therefore, when your garbage container is filled, move it out of the shelter.
Emergency cleanliness

Keep a soft broom in the shelter for tidying it up.

Remember, personal cleanliness in crowded shelter conditions is important to you and your family.

If your area is free of fallout but is without sewage services, bury human waste and garbage in the ground. Dig the pit deep enough so that the waste will be covered by at least two feet of earth.
Step 9: Know How To Get Rid Of Radioactive Dust

In Step 2, fallout was described as "sand". To remove the danger, remove the sand. If you suspect that your clothes have fallout on them, remove your outer clothing before you come inside your home and leave it outside. Don't shake these clothes inside the house or shelter. You would only scatter the fallout grit and create unnecessary danger to others. If you have water, wash thoroughly, particularly exposed skin and hair. But do not scrub your skin as this might rub in the radioactive particles.

Exposure to fallout does not make you radioactive.

Even if you are stricken with radiation sickness, this sickness cannot be passed on to others.

Fallout on your clothing or body would expose you and those close to you to radiation. If you suspect you have been exposed to fallout, you will not be a danger to others if you carefully get rid of your outer clothing outside the shelter and wash.
Take outer clothing off
Food and Water
Food and Water

Since most of your food will be in tightly covered containers (cans, bottles, plastic, boxes), it will all be safe to eat or drink if you dust the containers. Food, if it is unspoiled and free of grit or dust, may be eaten during the emergency period.

Be sure to wash fruit and vegetables and peel carefully.

Water will be safe if it is in covered containers, or if it has come from covered wells, or from undamaged water systems.
Step 10: Know Your Municipal Plan

It is important that your local municipality have a plan for a war emergency. And it is just as important that you know that plan.

Over the past several years, provincial and municipal governments, with the assistance of federal authorities, have been steadily developing plans for the protection of the population and the continuity of essential government services in wartime. Most municipalities in Canada have emergency plans to deal with both peacetime disasters and a nuclear attack situation. These include the details of how welfare, health, police, public utilities, fire and other emergency services will operate.

Some larger communities have developed plans to assist in the evacuation of those who would choose to leave before an attack or who might have to be evacuated as survivors or casualties following an attack. These plans include traffic arrangements to reception centres and medical facilities in nearby communities.

It would be unwise to try and prepare your own family survival plan without first checking to see how it fits in with municipal plans. This would be true whether you plan to go to a safer area before attack or remain at home. It is particularly important that you know and understand the arrangements to instruct the public about staying in shelter and coming out of shelter when it is safe. Fallout is a health hazard which will require countermeasures for personal and family protection including assessment of radiation and advice and instructions to those in shelter.

There must be close understanding and cooperation between the public and municipal authorities responsible for their protection.

Find out about your municipal emergency plans now and keep well informed about them as they are further developed.
Step 11: Have A Plan For Your Family And Yourself

If you know what is contained in the first nine steps, and you know your municipal plan for a war emergency, you should now make your personal and family survival plan. The success of your plan will depend on how many of the suggested recommendations you carry out. Your chances of survival increase as you carry out each recommendation.

Thinking about the problems with which you would be faced should nuclear attack be launched against North America is the first important step. Blast, light, heat and radioactive fallout are the problems. A workable survival plan will include all of the preparations you can make in advance to meet those problems.
Preparing

In making that plan, there are certain things you must know:
When to take protective action

When the sirens or other warning devices sound and your local broadcast station confirms that an attack on North America has been detected it means that you must take protective action immediately. Would you and your family

* Recognize the Attack Warning signal ?
* Turn on the radio or television and listen for instructions?

Where to take shelter

Deciding where you will take initial protective action and where you and your family will seek shelter from fallout are two basic points which you must consider in making your survival plan. Can you answer the following questions about seeking immediate protection and shelter:

* Have you decided where you will take shelter if you're not at home when the Attack Warning sounds?
* Will you try to get home?
* Will your family know what to do if you are not at home?
* Is there a shelter plan for your children at school?
* Do you want them to try to get home?
* Does everybody in your family know your survival plan?

In thinking about what you will do or where you would go, you might consider leaving your home to find shelter elsewhere. Before you decide to plan on evacuation, consider the following questions:

* Will protection there be better than in your home?
* Are there sufficient supplies there?
* Can you carry emergency supplies for 14 days?
* Do you know how to get there quickly?

How to take shelter

If you don't have a fallout shelter built in your home, study the guide given in Step 4. It shows how you can improvise emergency home protection. Bearing in mind that density and distance between you and the fallout is necessary, try to estimate if there is enough material and furniture to build an emergency shelter in your basement or the central part of your house.

* Can you move it to where it will be needed quickly?
* Will you have the help you require?

Based on the lists of emergency supplies suggested in Steps 5, 6, 7 and 8, try to answer the following questions:

* Do you have them at home?
* Can you collect and move them to the shelter area quickly?
* Does your emergency cooker, lamp, flashlight, radio work?
* Have you containers for water, garbage, hygiene?
* DO YOU HAVE A BATTERY RADIO AND SPARE BATTERIES?

Radio

There are many other points which you and your family must resolve for a workable survival plan. This booklet provides most of the essential information on which to base your plans. Read the Steps again, and, as you review each Step, try to answer the questions which apply to your surroundings, your home, your family. Here are a few more which may help:

* Do I know the recommended fire precautions?
* Does anyone in my family know how to fight small fires?
* Can an emergency supply of water be obtained quickly - for fire fighting? for personal use?
* Are first aid supplies and special medicines readily available?
* Does anyone in my family know how to render fist aid?
* Can materials for personal hygiene and cleanliness be gathered near the shelter area quickly?
* Do I know what I must do about radioactive dust?
* Do I know the emergency plans of my municipality - for public shelters? for planned evacuation routes? for schools, hospitals, welfare centres? other special instructions?

REMEMBER! YOU MUST PLAN FOR:

* PROTECTIVE ACTION WHEN WARNED OF ATTACK and
* PROVISION OF SHELTER AGAINST THE EFFECTS OF FALLOUT

On the basis of what you've read and the questions and answers you've thought about, you should now make your survival plan and start making whatever arrangements you can. BUT MAKE SURE THAT ALL MEMBERS OF YOUR FAMILY KNOW YOUR PLAN AND WHAT TO DO WHEN THE TIME COMES.

The best way to arrive at a workable plan which will be remembered by your family is to practice it. If you plan on building an emergency shelter, try it now to find out if you have enough material, how much help you'll need, if your proposed area is large enough, and how long it will take to build. Locate and practice moving essential supplies, water, clothing, bedding, etc. Practice the essential things you would have to do.

If you plan to move to what you consider a safer location, make a practice run to make sure you know the quickest and safest route, that protection is available when you get there, and that you can carry all the supplies you think you'll need.

A GOOD SURVIVAL PLAN IS A PLAN WHICH YOU KNOW YOU CAN CARRY OUT.
WRITE DOWN THE IMPORTANT PARTS OF YOUR PLAN.

List for quick reference the important things to be done in the event of warning. As examples, note when and where all members of your family will take shelter at all times; where essential items of food, shelter and other supplies will be obtained; how shelter will be improvised; what windows must be blocked; if you plan on going to what you consider a safer area, details of the route and supplies you will need at your destination.

Be Sure To Also Read the Recently Updated...
Trans-Pacific Fallout Here From India/Pakistan Nukes!

Nuclear Blast & Fallout Shelters FAQ
One-Stop Straight FAQ's with free plans, books & ready made shelter sources!

Civil Defense Radiation Detection Survey Meters, Geiger Counters and Dosimeters FAQ!
Straight FAQ's on FEMA Surplus Civil Defense Meters with Retail and Wholesale Sources Listed!

Comprehensive Potassium Iodide Anti-Radiation Pill FAQ with up-to-date iodine sources listed & prices
for Potassium Iodide (KI) tablets, Potasium Iodate (KIO3) pills, and all forms of radiation protection iodine!

http://www.ki4u.com/survive/index.htm

June 8, 2009

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June 7, 2009

India’s stand was shameful, says the ‘Tamil street’



Mangai’s friend, an academic at Jaffna University, left Chennai a week before Sri Lanka announced Prabhakaran and other senior LTTE leaders had been killed in fighting. “We haven’t heard from her since and don’t know if she reached home,” says Mangai, who works in theatre. “I’m worried, but there’s nothing we can do.”
Mangai could be speaking for thousands of Tamils across the water from Sri Lanka. There is an all-pervading sense of disappointment over India’s handling of the situation — its reluctance to insist Sri Lanka end civilian casualties in the war’s final stages; its refusal to address human rights violations of Tamils in ‘welfare camps’. Ravikumar Robertson is typical of the views heard on India’s ‘Tamil street’, a loose way to denote Tamil public opinion. He accuses India of providing “soft support to the Sri Lankan army”. India, he says, “suppressed a freedom struggle. Historically and geographically, Tamil Nadu has strong links with Sri Lanka and India has insulted the feelings of Tamilians by supporting Sri Lanka. Tamils will now have to live as slaves under the Sinhalese”.
Mangai says it’s time “we protest, as Indians (because) India’s stand has been shameful. As a Tamilian, yes, it hurts more.”
To a man, the Tamil street is worried that the issue of equal rights for the 30 lakh ethnic Tamils – the core of the 26-year struggle — may be forgotten in all the rhetoric of Colombo’s ‘war on terror’.
“People have lost sight of the fact that the Tamils were being discriminated against,” says Ponni of the Alternative Law Forum, which is collecting aid and relief material. “It’s become impossible to talk of the rights of civilians without being seen as partisan. The war-on-terror tag has obscured basic issues,” she says.
Mahesh Kumar, a 30-yearold chartered accountant, is outraged. “It’s more than the issue of terrorism. Tamils there don’t have access to water, let alone health and educational facilities,” he says.
Their outrage is reinforced by dismal figures. The UN says that since 2006, there have been around 10,000 victims of forced disappearances, torture and abduction. About 3,00,000 civilians survived bullets and bombs and are now behind barbed wire fences in internment camps. And yet, says an appalled Ponni, India supported Sri Lanka’s actions at a UN Human Rights Commission meet last week. “In the name of regional politics, India, Pakistan and China have stood by Sri Lanka,” she says.
Most Tamils believe India failed to use its clout as a large neighbour to rescue Tamil civilians from LTTE-controlled areas recently. “Even now, they can press for the rehabilitation of those displaced by making provision of aid conditional,” says Ponni.
But there are others who are resigned to no-change. “The current regime (in Colombo) is very determined and no one could have made it change its stand,” says Rohith Pradeep, 29, who lived in Sri Lanka for two decades.
Pradeep believes it’s time to look ahead. “The world is a different place today from what it was in the 1950s. Society today will be more amenable towards equal rights for the Tamils. Sinhalese and the Tamils should reconcile their differences and living together as one nation.”
But that may be easier said than done. The war may have ended, but the Tamil street believes the battle for justice is yet to begin.
source

June 5, 2009

India upgrading ballistic missile defence system

India has perfected the first part of its ballistic missile defence system, under which it can successfully intercept intermediate range enemy missiles (IRBMs) with a range of up to 2,000 km, according to VK Saraswat, chief controller, research and development (missiles), Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO).

Speaking to media persons at Chidambaram town, where he was attending the staff development programme of the faculty of engineering and technology of Annamalai University, Saraswat said that under the second part of the development programme the country would enhance its missile defence capability to engage intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) with a range of 5,000-6,000-km.

He pointed out with India's neighbour on the western border in possession of missiles of 600 to 2,000-km (IRBM) range and the neighbour to the north-east armed with ICBMs, it was imperative that the country had a ballistic missile defence (BMD) system in place.

He pointed out that BMDs acquired particular significance keeping in mind the stockpiling of missiles with nuclear warheads by one particular neighbour.


He also pointed out that since India had adopted the ''no first use'' policy with respect to nuclear warfare it was even more important that the country should have the capacity to counter nay attack launched in its direction.

He said that two BMD tests conducted by the country had demonstrated the capability of the indigenous system. A test conducted in 2008 successfully engaged a 1000-km range (IRBM) missile at an altitude of below 20 km. Another test in March this year successfully intercepted a 2,000-km range (IRBM) missile at an altitude of 80 km.
source

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June 4, 2009

Global & local -asin




Asin, on a visit to the city recently, took everyone by surprise when she announced that she can read Tamil! “N e e n g a A z h a g a Irukeenge... that’s very sweet,” she said, reading out a message written to her. The endearing lass continued to warm up to the audience and refused to be drawn into controversy when asked to compare Suriya and Aamir Khan, her co-stars in the Tamil and Hindi version of Ghajini. Coming up with a polished and diplomatic reply, she said, “They have more similarities than differences. Their obsession with work is great. Both of them want to make sure that things come out perfect on-screen.”
Looks like working with these two talented stars has had an effect on the actress too! We’re sure she’s ready to take the next big step (The 19th Step at that!) in cinema.

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India is safer than any other country: Chidambaram

Home Minister P. Chidambaram Thursday asserted that India was a 'completely safe country' after the US warned its citizens about high threats from terrorism throughout the country.

Chidamabaram reacted after the US embassy posted a message urging its citizens living in or travelling to India to practice good security, including maintaining a heightened situational awareness and a low profile. It said that terror attacks were a serious and growing threat.

Disagreeing, Chidambaram said: 'India is a completely safe country. India is a safe place, it is safer than any other country in the world. Thousands of tourists come to India and we look forward to welcoming them.'

Defence Minister A.K. Antony, whose home state Kerala is a hot favourite with tourists, added: 'India is the safest country.'

The advisory posted on the website Tuesday specifically asked Americans in India to be vigilant at all times and monitor local news reports and vary their routes and times while carrying out daily activities.

'Americans should consider the level of security present when visiting public places, including religious sites, or choosing hotels, restaurants, entertainment and recreation venues,' the advisory warned.

'As terror attacks are a serious and growing threat, US citizens are urged to always practice good security, including maintaining a heightened situational awareness and a low profile.

'The media attention of and public reaction to the Mumbai attack could prompt other terrorist incidents. Future attacks may also target public places frequented by Westerners, including in large cities and tourist areas such as Goa.

'The US mission is concerned that increased political tension between Pakistan and India may further complicate travel in areas near their already-sensitive border.

'In addition, the Department of Defense has increased its security requirements for all its employees visiting India.'

Chidambaram said that the ministry of external affairs would be asked to speak to the US.

A US embassy official told IANS that the advisory was routine. 'This is a routine advisory and it has just been updated,' he said.
source

Air France plane may have been bombed, says pilot

An Air France pilot has declared it "highly likely" that flight AF447 may have been blown up by a terrorist bomb.

The long-haul captain, speaking on condition of anonymity, dismissed the theory the doomed jet suffered catastrophic electrical failure. He also ruled out suggestions that the pilot of the Rio de Janeiro to Paris flight had tried to land on the sea.

The captain spoke as naval teams from Brazil and France scoured three miles of debris in the Atlantic, 750 miles north east of the Brazilian coast.

It also emerged Air France received a telephone threat against a flight from Argentina to Paris just four days before AF447 vanished without sending a May Day message.

Talking of Monday's tragedy, in which 228 died, the Air France pilot said: "If there was an explosion on board, the wreckage would have been spread over a very wide area, as it was.

"So in my opinion there is no other option than the highly likely theory that a bomb went off on the plane - perhaps even a large bomb that destroyed it in mid-air leaving no chance to send a message."
source

June 3, 2009

Water trial of indigenous N-sub on August 15

After a series of setbacks, India's hunt for a nuclear submarine has finally gathered steam. For one, the new D-day for 'launching'
first indigenous nuclear submarine 'into water' for preliminary tests has been set for Aug 15.

For another, with a high-level delegation led by defence secretary Vijay Singh currently in Moscow, Russia has now promised to deliver its Akula-II class attack submarine 'K-152 Nerpa' on a 10-year lease to India by the end of this year.

The importance of nuclear submarines cannot be overstated. Unlike conventional diesel-electric submarines, which have to frequently surface to replenish oxygen to recharge their batteries, a nuclear-propelled submarine can operate underwater for virtually unlimited periods of time.

Consequently, when a nuclear-powered submarine is armed with nuclear-tipped missiles, it becomes the most difficult-to-detect-and-target nuclear-capable platform. This is important for India, which has declared ‘no first-use’ nuclear doctrine and hence must have ‘survivable and effective’ second-strike capabilities. Their induction will help India achieve its aim to have an operational ‘nuclear triad’ — the ability to deliver nukes from land, air and sea.
source

Russian nuclear attack sub-marine to join Indian Navy by year-end

The Russian Schucka-B class Nerpa (NATO: Akula II) nuclear attack submarine, damaged in an accident during sea trials last year, will be commissioned by the Russian Navy in the autumn and subsequently leased to the Indian Navy, Russian navy sources said Tuesday. New sea trials will be conducted on the repaired submarine on 15-20 June by the shipyard.

On 8 November last year, the Nerpa was undergoing sea trials in the Sea of Japan when its on-board fire safety system went off releasing deadly Freon gas into the sleeping quarters. Three submariners and 17 shipyard workers, from a total complement of 208 people onboard, at the time were killed.

"All the technical and organisational measures on the sub have been completed. Only pre-delivery trials by the shipyard and pre-commissioning state trials are ahead of us, which will be completed this summer (June-August). After which the submarine will be commissioned by the Russian Navy," naval sources were quoted as saying.

Last month, shipyard sources had indicated that repairs onboard the Nerpa were almost complete and that the 12,000 ton underwater behemoth would head for sea trials in June.

The yard's operations had been hamstrung by a lack of finances, but a recent visit by Russian prime minister Vladimir Putin, who released $300 million to the shipyard with orders to deliver the submarine to India by the end of this year, resolved the issue.

According to reports, the Nerpa will go on a 10-year lease to the Indian Navy, for which Russia would be paid an annual fee of $50 million. At the end of the lease period the Indian Navy could either renew the lease or buy the submarine outright or the submarine could revert back to Russia.

It is likely that Nerpa will take on the name of a predecessor, INS Chakra, when it begins to fly the flag of the Indian Navy. The INS Chakra was a Charlie-class submarine, which was also leased out to the Indian Navy a couple of decades back
sources:click here

June 1, 2009

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May 28, 2009

Chennai High Speed Circular Corridors

Adyar Corridor [15.845 km]
Section I
Thiru-vi-ka Bridge (Km 0+000) to Nandambakkam Bridge (Km 11+100)
Along Souther bank of Adayar River
11.100 km


Section II
Nandambakkam Bridge (Km 11+100) to Chennai Bypass (Km 15+845)
Along Mount – Poonamalee Road
4.845 km


North Buckingham Canal Corridor [12.300 km]
Section I
Manali Oil Refinery Road (Km 0+000) to Basin Bridge (Km 8+400)
Along Western bank of Buckingham Canal
8.400 km

Section II
Basin Bridge (Km 8+400) to Central Station (Km 10+900)
Along Wall Tax Road
2.500 km

Section III
Central Station (Km 10+900) to Muthuswamy Bridge (Km 11+400)
Along Poonamalee High Road
0.500 km

Section IV
Muthuswamy Bridge (Km 11+400) to war Memorial (Km 12+300)
Along Flag Staff Road
0.900 km

Central Buckingham Canal Corridor [2.860 km]
Swami Sivananda Salai (Km 0+000) to Radhakrishna Salai (Km 2+860)
Along Western bank of Buckingham Canal

Connectivity Between Adayar and Buckingham Canal Corridor

Road Corridor
Radhakrishna Salai to Thiru-vi-ka Bride
5.140 km

Tunnel Corridor [Recommended]
Bharathi Salai (Km 0+000) to Adayar South Bank (6+150)
6.150 km

Mambalam Canal Corridor [5 km]
Adayar River (Km 0+000) to G.N Chetty Road (Km 5+000)
Along Mambalam Canal
5 km

Inner Ring Road Corridor [5.95 km]
Jafferkhanpet Bridge (Km 0+000) to Koyambedu (Km 5+950)
Along Inner Ring Road (IRR)
5.950 km